Ghana is a wonderful country with an exuberant Ghanaian hospitality that is expressed heartily and traditionally in Akan as "akwaaba", meaning, "welcome" in English.
Ghana is located on the West Coast of Africa about 750km north of the equator on the Gulf of Guinea. It is situated between longitudes 10 15' east and 30 15' west of the Greenwich Meridian, and between latitudes 40 and 110 north of the equator.
The capital, Accra, lies on the Greenwich Meridian (zero line of longitude). It is bordered on the east by the Republic of Togo and on the west by La Côte d'Ivoire. Burkina Faso borders it on the north and on the south by the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea).
Ghana has a total land area of 238,305 sq. km (92,100-sq. m), about the size of the UK and slightly smaller than the US state of Oregon. The coastal area of Ghana consists of flat plains and numerous lagoons and scrublands. The mid-section consists mainly of mountain ranges. Vegetation consists of rainforest and semi-deciduous forest along southern portions and stretching northwards to the mid-section of the country especially along the mountain ranges. The northern portions of the country and some portions of the southeastern areas are mainly savanna lands. Numerous rivers flowing from north to the south dissect it and the Volta River basin, encircled by a system of escarpments, dominates the country's river system and includes the 8,480 sq. km Volta Lake (one of the largest man-made lakes in the world), formed by the Akosombo hydro-electric dam.
Ghana is also abundantly endowed with natural resources, which include mineral wealth, a good supply of arable land suitable for agricultural development, forest resources, marine and freshwater fish stocks, and a good location for investors seeking new opportunities.
Climate of GhanaGhana has a tropical climate characterized most of the year by warm temperatures with constant breezes and sunshine. Temperatures range between 210 - 320 C (700 F - 900 F). The hottest time of the year is between February and March, which is the peak of the dry harmattan season and has high temperatures during the day. The cool months of the year are between March and October when rainfall occurs. Annual rainfall in the south averages 2,030mm but varies greatly through out the country, with the heaviest in the western region and lowest in the north.
Population of GhanaGhana has a population of 21 million (estimated in 2005). The country has an average population density of about 78 persons per sq.-km.). The majority (about 60%) of the population lives in the rural communities. Of the remaining 35%, most of the population is concentrated in the southern part of the country, with the highest densities occurring in the urban areas. The largest regions in terms of population are Ashanti (about 3 million), Greater Accra including the capital Accra and the industrial town Tema (about 2.4 million) and Eastern Region (about 2.3 million).
Important Cities of Ghana
- Accra (Capital)
- Cape Coast
- Food Processing
- Aluminum Smelting
- Small Commercial Ship Building